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Middletown Public Schools
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Middletown, RI 02842
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Instructional Strategies

Below are instructional strategies that are identified as best instructional strategies to improve student achievement across all content areas and across all grade levels. These strategies are based upon the works of Robert Marzano, Debra Pickering, and Jane Pollock, Grant Wiggins, Jay McTighe, Carol Ann Tomlinson.  Additional information can be found at the Integrating Technology into the Classroom using Instructional Strategies web site.  


Thematic Instruction

Students learn better from thematic, interdisciplinary instruction -- themes are a way of understanding new concepts and provide mental organizing schemes.


Identifying Similarities and Differences

Learning to classify and discern differences and similarities prepares students for employing metaphor, analogy, and higher-order thinking skills.


Summarizing and Note Taking

Effective summarizing requires analysis that leads to deeper understanding. Students benefit from taking notes in both linguistic and visual forms.


Reinforcing Effort

Student attitudes and beliefs have a significant effect on success in school. Achievement can increase when teachers show the connection between effort and success.


Homework and Practice

Homework can increase student understanding when assignments provide the opportunities needed to practice and apply new learning.


Nonlinguistic Representation

We store knowledge in two forms: linguistic and nonlinguistic. The more students use both systems, the better they are able to think about and recall knowledge.


Cooperative Grouping

Grouping can promote student learning and build interpersonal skills when done wisely and support structures are in place.

Setting Objectives

Teachers communicate learning goals to students every day. Focus students on meeting those goals and greatly improve their chances of success.  


Providing Feedback

Criteria for success and specific, timely feedback can help increase students understanding and improve learning.


Generating and Testing Hypotheses

Generating hypotheses and applying knowledge when testing requires careful orchestration of experience. Technology tools add authenticity to the learning experience.


Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers

Increase students' readiness for learning with cues and questions that connect new ideas to existing knowledge



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